SeGa Blogs

Jan 29

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Pull Vs. Push Technique

While jamming your LXD with entertaining, game-like, and fun activities can capture the learners’ interest and attention briefly, it will not sustain engagement long enough to achieve the desired learning outcomes

To ensure a long-term Learner engagement, the learner must see relevance between learning and his personal needs and then choose to learn. However, when it comes to adult learners, engagement can be even more complex; adults tend to get dis-engaged in passive learning and lean more towards contributing and integrating their personal knowledge and expertise to the learning process.

Pulling is a technique that encourages learners to add from their knowledge, experience, insights and reflections to the whole learning group

Pulling occurs when the facilitator allows the participants to share and interact with each other, add from their own previous experience to the session and share their perceptions and opinions. This can take place through questioning, discussions, or any different cooperative learning method. Here, the facilitator is not solely adding new learning outcomes to the learners.

On the other hand, the Push technique has been used in learning for as far as we can remember. It relies on adding knowledge from the facilitator him/herself, who directly adds new learning outcomes to learners --through mini presentations, videos, etc. Facilitator cannot push feelings and insights, as it has to come from the participants

Recently, the Push technique has been under a lot of criticism for being rigid and outdated technique that adversely affects the leaner’s engagement, enthusiasm and professional development.

While Pulling is extremely beneficial to the learner experience, it should not be used at every stage regardless of the situation.

For instance, if your learning outcomes involve adding knowledge to the learner--whether it is factual, statistical or in the form of a model presentation-- it is not recommended to start by pulling from participants. While introducing a new model or explaining new terminology, it is not logical to expect the participants to previously know what this new model contains, or if they can guess what these abbreviations stand for.

By doing so, you may negatively impact the learner eXperience through:

  • Encouraging improvisation, where wrong information provided by one of the learners might stick to other learners' minds
  • Jeopardizing the safe environment

In such case, it is recommended to start with using diversified pushing techniques, then using pull techniques during reflections, insights and possible applications; allowing participants to practice and apply.

Although Pulling focuses on placing the learner in the driver's seat, it is not wise to let him drive all the way. Push and Pull techniques can be most effective when cohesively integrated into your LXD. Favoring one technique over the other, regardless of each learner’s state and unique relationship with the learner experience, may cause an undesirable resistance from the learner. While understanding that the two opposites in fact complete and compliment each other, will take you a step closer towards a perfect Learner eXperience Design.

12 Comments

Fitriani FS Indonesia

It was amazing.. ! When I used Pull technique in my facilitations, my learners looked anthusiastic. We get more knowledge and experience from all learners that suitable to the content, due to learning outcome. We can learn each other. So that the learners' motivation and enggagement have been enhancing along learning. I'm so gratefull. Thank you SeGa :)

sunarti Indonesia

MasyaAllah...it was Amazing...thank you for sega team with the Roots Program... because with your program i know about pull techniques. When i used pull technique in my facilitations, my learners looked more spirit to learning something . Our facilitation classes become more dynamic, we learn with each other. ... and of the learning process runs on learnerrrrr Centric... Thank you Sega

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Fitriani FS Indonesia

It was amazing.. ! When I used Pull technique in my facilitations, my learners looked anthusiastic. We get more knowledge and experience from all learners that suitable to the content, due to learning outcome. We can learn each other. So that the learners' motivation and enggagement have been enhancing along learning. I'm so gratefull. Thank you SeGa :)

sunarti Indonesia

MasyaAllah...it was Amazing...thank you for sega team with the Roots Program... because with your program i know about pull techniques. When i used pull technique in my facilitations, my learners looked more spirit to learning something . Our facilitation classes become more dynamic, we learn with each other. ... and of the learning process runs on learnerrrrr Centric... Thank you Sega

maya yunus Indonesia

Pull and push are realy good method to explain themes. With this method we can make our participants involved in the training and get information to from the facilitator

maya yunus Indonesia

With pull and push method we can make the participant contribute the idea with their own knowledge and also get new knoglegde from us

maya yunus Indonesia

With the pull and push method we can make our participant active during the training by giving them ideas and knowledges when they get some new from us too

Novy Anwar Indonesia

I am really like with Pull Technique. as facilitators we do not need talk to much because our learners very intersting to speak up, to share their knowledge, their experiences. With Pull technique , our facilitation more interesting. It makes interaction betwen us as facilitators with our learners. Our facilitation became more engange. And when i used this technique in my facilitation, the learners felt comfort to speak up. And sometimes i learn from them.

Hussein S. Barabwd Yemen

Pulling technique is an important technique for all the ages of learners whither young learner or adults. And for adults it is more necessary because the adults learners tend to share their knowledge and experience about a specific topic. So it is necessary for a facilitator to balance between pulling and pushing. Even if he/ she has new knowledge to transfer to the learners he/she has to present it in mini presentatin then he/she has to shift to pull from them to know and assess what they have. By balancing between pull and push the learnerrrrrs will be enthusiastic and engaged in the process of learning. Not only that but also the impact of learnibg will be deeper.

Idda Romore Tanzania

I have been enjoing the pulling technique as a method to engage the learners to give their insights and self reflections. It also provided an opportuties for the learners to thick beyond the box and even under the surface to get deeper understanding of their learning. Thank you SeGa Group

Mazen Lebanon

Certainly both techniques pulling and pushing are essential in the learning and educating process and it is the art of knowing when to use each that yields best outcomes. While this approach encourages pulling over pushing, it is important to balance between the two techniques for best and most realistic acquisition.

Nidal Lebanon

Pulling Vs Pushing Both teaching techniques are beneficial and needed in a classroom; however, the facilltator must be aware of using them properly. While pulling is very essential as it keeps the learners engaged, cooperative and active, pushing is needed when new knowledge might be difficult for the learners to predict. In my facilitations and in my normal daily classes, pulling proves to help the scaffolding process go on. Add to this, in certain cases, I need to push some information to help the pulling process move forward. The 2 techniques complete each other. Thank you *Roots Program*

Imran Khan India

Balance between Pushing and Pulling plays very crucial role in facilitation. It helps the facilitator to deliver the content and receive acknowledgment of it. It increases involvement of learners, motivate them and give a better learning experience.

Mohamed Egypt

The introduced techniques are amazingly summarize the benefits of interact cessions and sharing knowledge in learning and education. It treating active learner way of understanding and accommodating information and gives the simple difference between pull and push techniques

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